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Preamble.- An Act to provide for strict liability for damages arising out of any accident occurring while handling any hazardous substance and for the establishment of a National Environment Tribunal for effective and expeditious disposal of cases arising from such accident, with a view to giving relief and compensation for damages to persons, property and the environment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

WHEREAS decisions were taken at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held at Rio de Janeiro in June, 1992, in which India participated, calling upon the States to develop national laws regarding liability and compensation for the victims of pollution and other environmental damages;

AND WHEREAS it is considered expedient to implement the decisions of the aforesaid Conference so as far they relate to the protection of environment and payment of compensation for damage to persons, property and the environment while handling hazardous substances;

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

Act No. 27 of 1995 dated 17th. June, 1995





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